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腰椎的特征描述正确的是()

2020-07-10 00:37:09 [优学院答案] 来源:超星题库网


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以下贸易融资业务中银行没有保留对进出口商追索权的是(     )。

  • 订单融资
  • 出口托收押汇
  • 出口商业发票贴现
  • 福费廷

出口海外代付的特点包括(    )

  • 对出口商立即付款
  • 融资成本低
  • 适用于多种结算方式
  • 适用多种货币

福费廷业务的报价主要取决于(     )等风险因素。

  • 国家风险
  • 信用风险
  • 贸易纠纷风险
  • 汇率和利率风险

腰椎的特征描述正确的是()

出口商使用福费廷可以将与收款相关的(      )等风险全部转嫁给包买商承担。

  • 政策法律风险
  • 商业风险
  • 国家风险
  • 汇率和利率风险

出口商业发票贴现适用于以下(   )结算方式

  • 后T/T
  • O/A
  • D/P
  • D/A

出口退税账户托管贷款的还款保证是出口企业未来能到账的出口退税款。

  • 正确
  • 错误

出口退税账户托管贷款业务对银行而言是所有出口贸易融资业务中风险最大的一种业务。

  • 正确
  • 错误

一般而言,出口退税账户托管贷款业务必须在开立出口退税账户的银行进行申办。

  • 正确
  • 错误

出口代付业务仅适用于信用证作为结算的出口业务。

  • 正确
  • 错误

c) Heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to maintain ______ cardiac output for the body’s need.

  • sufficient
  • subsequent
  • suffocation
  • successive

d) The physician must have the exact dosage and time _____ for administration written on the chart.

  • duration
  • span
  • frequency
  • interval

e) Recent studies suggest angiotensin has a long-term pressor _____ .

  • efficacy
  • effector
  • effect
  • effusion

What is type 2 diabetes? The cells in your body need insulin to change glucose, the sugar that comes from the food you eat, into energy you need to live. Without insulin, this sugar cannot get into your cells to do its work. It stays in your blood instead. Your blood sugar level then gets too high. Type 2 diabetes usually begins with insulin resistance. This means that your pancreas is making enough insulin, but your cells are not able to use it. When your cells don’t get the sugar they need, your pancreas works harder at first to make more insulin. But after a while, your pancreas stops being able to make enough insulin. High blood sugar can harm many parts of the body. It can damage blood vessels and nerves throughout your body. You will have a bigger chance of getting eye, heart, blood vessel, nerve, and kidney disease. Your weight, level of physical activity, and family history affect how your body responds to insulin. People who are overweight, get little or no exercise, or have diabetes in the family are more likely to get type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is usually found in adults, which is why it used to be called adult-onset diabetes. But now more and more children and teens are getting it too. Type 2 diabetes is a disease that you will always have, but you can live a long and healthy life by learning how to manage it. How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed? Most likely you found out that you have diabetes when you saw your doctor for a regular checkup or for some other problem. Your doctor probably diagnosed type 2 diabetes by examining you, asking about your health history, and looking at the results of blood sugar tests. How is it treated? A healthy diet helps keep your blood sugar under control and helps prevent heart disease. Eating the right amount of carbohydrate at each meal is very important. Carbohydrate is found in sugar and sweets, grains, fruit, starchy vegetables and milk and yogurt. A dietitian or a certified diabetes educator can help you plan your meals. Eating right and getting more exercise are enough for some people to control their blood sugar levels. Others also need to take one or more medicines, including insulin. You may need to take other steps to prevent other problems from diabetes. These problems are called complications. People with diabetes are more likely to die from heart and blood vessel problems like heart attack and stroke. If you are 30 or older, talk to your doctor about taking a low-dose aspirin each day to help prevent these or other large blood vessel diseases. You may also need medicine for high blood pressure or high cholesterol. If you smoke, quitting may help you avoid problems with your heart and large blood vessels. (478)Adopted from NorthShore University HealthSystem (NorthShore) at: https://www. northshore.org /globalassets/diabetes/patienteducation/educationpackettypeiidiabetes.pdf f) From the first paragraph we may get to know that the sugar we take-in via food should be digested to the cells otherwise it will_________.

  • hurt our insulin
  • accumulated at the blood stream
  • erode our pancreas
  • poison our blood vessels

腰椎的特征描述正确的是()

g) Insulin resistance as the author mentioned in the passage is that your body can not make full use of______, and then the pancreas stops to produce it in a normal way.

  • insulin that pancreas produced
  • insulin that the cells produced
  • insulin that produced for blood
  • insulin that produced for pancreas

h) According to the passage, which of the following item is NOT mentioned to the sufferers of type 2 diabetes?

  • The age of the sufferers.
  • The gender of the sufferers.
  • The life-long duration of the disease.
  • The disease can be controlled

i) When diagnosing type 2 diabetes, which of the following test index is not the major reference factor?

  • Physical check-up results.
  • Results of bloods sugar.
  • Interview of your health history.
  • X-ray reports for your chest.

j) As for the treatment method, if a patient over 30 years old the doctor would suggest the patient to take __________ as a special means to prevent the lesions to blood vessels.

  • a low-dose aspirin each day
  • medicines for complications
  • a special diet
  • a special insulin injection

Anesthesiology is the practice of medicine which involves the perioperative care of patients and the treatment of pain. The field is predominately a (k) _________specialty, which cares for patients (l)_____ pre-operatively, post-operatively and in critical care units. It also involves the treatment of acute and chronic pain as one of its major (m)_____. The practice of anesthesiology includes a wide (n)______ of patients: all ages, all degrees of illnesses and both sexes. The subspecialties include: pediatric, cardiac, neuro, obstetrical, ambulatory anesthesia as well as critical care medicine and pain management. Individuals interested in anesthesiology are those who enjoy physiology and applied (o)_______ in the clinical setting. They must be comfortable with managing acute life threatening problems and enjoy working in the operating room.k)

  • clinic-focused
  • hospital-based
  • bed-sided
  • problem-based

l)

  • acutely
  • severely
  • advanced
  • sharply

m)

  • kinds
  • ranks
  • fields
  • subspecialties

n)

  • ranges
  • rays
  • spectrum
  • categories

o)

  • medicine
  • pharmacology
  • pathology
  • anatomy

1)Select the best answer and write the letter of your choice of each number. a)The word “ carcinogenic “ is formed with prefix of

  • cardio-
  • carbo-
  • carcin-
  • carbam-

b) The word “earwax” is a ______ word with ear and wax.

  • compounding
  • prefixing
  • combating
  • complexing

c) The suffixes “-ate” “-fy” and “-ize” in word usually form_____.

  • adverbs
  • adjectives
  • conjunctions
  • verbs

d) In the words “ dysphagia”, ”dysrhythmia”, dystonia” “dys-“ functions as prefix and has a meaning as________.

  • firm
  • difficult
  • acute
  • pain

腰椎的特征描述正确的是()

e) The suffixed “-ic” “-ous”, “-al” are found in _________.

  • verbs
  • nouns
  • pronouns
  • adjectives

2)Complete the following sentences with the right medical terms given belowf) . The chain of events between ________ of a drug and production of these effects in the body can be divided into two important components, both of which contribute to variability in drug actions.

  • administration
  • preparation
  • proscription
  • injection

g) Preoperative cardiac________ is routinely performed to provide definitive assessment of aortic valve area and the pressure gradient, as well as to assess the coronary arteries for significant stenosis.

  • involvement
  • transformation
  • alteration
  • catheterization

h) The nervous system controls the secretion of many ______ glands, and some hormones in turn affect the function of the nervous system.

  • exocrine
  • endocrine
  • endocardial
  • entoderm

i) The secretion of insulin—which acts to lower the plasma glucose _____—is stimulated by a rise in glucose concentration, for example, and is inhibited by a fall in blood glucose.

  • concentration
  • accumulation
  • heap-up
  • summary

j) Bleeding may also occur spontaneously in patients who have received ______ or thrombolytic drugs, or who have coagulation disorders such as hemophilia.

  • anticoagulants
  • coenzyme
  • coplanar
  • circumoral

1)      Read  the following passage and do the comprehensive questions in 5 minutes.The two main categories of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are familial and sporadic. Familial Alzheimer's disease refers to a genetic form of the disease that is transmitted from one generation to the next. Only 5 percent of all cases of Alzheimer's disease have been associated with a genetic component. These individuals come from families in which as many as half of the members develop Alzheimer's disease. Fortunately, this form of the disorder is rare. The remaining 95 percent of Alzheimer's disease cases are sporadic, or randomly occurring in the population.A variety of "risk factors" have been identified in individuals diagnosed with AD. In fact, it is quite common to pick up a newspaper or to turn on the TV and hear about the newest "risk factor" that has been identified. While some of these factors may turn out to be useful, it is important to remember that much of the research that has been done in this area is retrospective research. This means that the research is conducted by comparing a group of patients diagnosed with AD with a group of healthy age- matched adults. These types of analyses provide information about the number of individuals diagnosed with AD who have a certain characteristic compared with the healthy individuals. While these results are useful in directing future research studies, they do not provide information about cause and effect. What is needed is a prospective study in which large numbers of individuals are followed from an early age to the age at which AD develops.The term "dementia" is used to describe the gradual deterioration of "intellectual" abilities and behavior that eventually interferes with customary daily living activities. "Customary daily living activities" include balancing the checkbook, keeping house, driving the car, involvement in social activities, and working at one's usual occupation. There may also be changes in personality and emotions. Contrary to popular belief, dementia is not a normal outcome of aging, but is caused by diseases that affect the brain. Dementia influences all aspects of mind and behavior, including memory, judgment, language, concentration, visual perception, temperament, and social interactions. Although dementia symptoms are eventually obvious to everyone, in the early stages special evaluations are necessary to demonstrate the abnormalities.In people over the age of 65, the most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer's disease. Alzheimer's disease is a form of brain degeneration in which abnormal particles called neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques form in the brain and destroy healthy neurons (brain cells). These abnormalities tend to settle in brain areas that control the ability to learn a new fact and remember it 30 minutes, or a day later, a skill we refer to as "memory". Years of studying dementias have shown that Alzheimer's disease is not the only type of brain degeneration. There are other forms of brain degeneration, many of which can affect people in their 50's or even 40's.Finish the reading exercises for three common kinds as given in the website.a) Read the following medical cartoon then tell the class what you have seen. (reading for pleasure)b) Read the following passage then do the reading comprehension exercises (reading for information)Bian Que, also known as Ch’in Yueh-jen, probably lived in the second century BC. He had great gifts as a diagnostician and went out of his way to demystify medical practice. The achievements of this legendary medical man were recorded in the Imperial Annals of the Han Dynasty. He is said to have carried out a heart-swap operation between two patients whose illnesses stemmed from opposing malfunctions of that organ. If all the exploits attributed to him are true, he must have been around for 400 years, and travelled the length and breadth of China. In fact it is thought that the name may actually have been a respectful title applied to gifted doctors over the course of four centuries, and the experiences of a number of them may have been erroneously attributed to one man. He made a major contribution to traditional Chinese medicine, and a number of stories illustrate this.In one, the son of the King of Guo lay dying, and the court physicians could do nothing to help. There was just one doctor in the whole of China whose skills might save the boy, if only he could be brought there in time.Bian Que was duly summoned and arrived at the royal palace to find the court in mourning. The crown prince was being prepared for burial. ‘My son might have been alive if you had come sooner,’ lamented the king, but the sage asked to be shown the body. His examination confirmed his suspicion that the prince had actually lapsed into a deep coma. He immediately gave acupuncture treatment to revive him, then applied compresses soaked in a decoction of herbs.Within hours of his arrival, the patient was able to get to his feet. The doctor then prescribed medicines which restored him to full health in twenty days. Unsurprisingly, outside the gates of the court among the common people, rumours spread that here was a miracle-worker who could raise people from the dead. Pien Ch’iao assured them: ‘I cannot bring the dead back to life. The prince still had some life left in him. I simply found the spark and fanned it into a flame.’1 According to the passage Bian Que made the first _______for two patients with malfunctions of the organ.
randy_glasbergen.png

  • A) heart transplantation operations
  • B) operation on heart exchange
  • C) operation on heart repairing
  • D) heart operations on arrhythmia

2 According to the author, Bian Que was believed to be a great figure as ______.

  • A) he had toured around a great part of the Central China at that age
  • B) he had worked for around four centuries of time
  • C) collective deeds of great diagnosticians of that age in China
  • D) a god who saved the people of the whole China

3 Which of the following is not true according to the passage?

  • A) Bian Que’s examination confirmed his suspicion that the prince was not dead but just in a deep coma.
  • B) Bian Que used his magic cure save the prince when he was dying.
  • C) The King complained Bian Que for not arriving in time to save his son.
  • D) The public believed and rumored that Bian Que was a miracle figure that could save dying patients.

4 What is the writer’s attitude towards the story of Bian Que ?

  • A) Highly-respected.
  • B) Story-narration.
  • C) Criticizing with mild tune.
  • D)Neutral.

Read the following passage and then do the exercises (multiple choice) given below.Classification of Muscle ActionsIt is useful to be able to describe the effect of muscle contraction on a joint in terms which may be applied throughout the body and which are related to the anatomical position. The descriptive terms express very poorly, however, the complexities of movement, since they resolve movement to arbitrary planes of action. Flexion is the term used to describe the bending of a pan or the making of an angle, most easily visualized in the bending of the elbow or the knee. The opposite term extension fundamentally means a straightening. In the anatomical position most of the members of the body are in the extended position; the arms and legs are straight, as is also the back. In the case of the foot, these terms lead to some confusion since, in the erect position, the ankle is almost continuously semiflexed. From this position, further flexion is more readily understood under the term dorsiflexion and extension under the term plantar flexion. Plantar flexion is obviously bending in the direction of the sole; dorsiflexion, bending in the direction of the dorsum. For movement away from or toward the central axis of the body the terms abduction and adduction are applied. These terms lead to no confusion except in the hands and feel where there is movement of the digits away from and toward a plane wholly within these parts. Rotational movement is also recognized. Rotation of the anterior surface of a member toward the midplane of the body is medial rotation; rotation away from the midplane is lateral rotation. The rotary action of the forearm and hand, which can he readily observed as the hand is turned palm up or palm down, has a special designation. Pronation is rotation so as to turn the palm downward or backward; supination carries the palm upward or forward. There is a similar though less extensive movement of the foot in which rotation takes place in tile tarsal joints. The rotation of the foot so that the sole turns outward is eversion; the opposite movement so that the sole turns inward is inversion. A special case of rotation is that which is seen in the very important opposing action of the thumb. This movement of rolling the thumb over onto the hand so that the pads of the digits converge into a firm grasp is termed opposition; it is exhibited to a lesser degree in the little finger and in the great and small toes. Circumduction is circular movement; to produce this type of motion, flexion and extension, abduction and adduction are combined in a proper sequence. Special terms, such as protrusion and retraction, elevation and depression, will be referred to in their proper context but are relatively self-evident.a)Muscle actions in various patterns, have been mentioned this passage except________.

  • contraction
  • flotation
  • flexion
  • extension

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